Harwood Family History from Rutland County, Vermont to Orleans County, New York, and then to Bloomington, McLean County, Illinois:
Chauncy Harwood was born February 16, 1795 at Pittsford, Rutland County, Vermont. He died May 8, 1860 at the Village of Holley, Town of Murray, Orleans County, New York and is buried at the Hillside Cemetery, Clarendon, Orleans County, New York.
Chauncy was a son of Deacon Simon Harwood who was born August 23, 1766 and died in Pittsford, Rutland County, Vermont on March 3, 1816. There is a Simeon Harwood shown on page 42 of the 1790 Vermont Census of Rutland County as living in that county but I believe Simon and Simeon are the same person.
In addition, that 1790 Vermont Census of Rutland County shows Eleazer Harwood and his family also living there. Eleazer Harwood was the father of Deacon Simon Harwood. Eleazer was born September 28, 1737 in Grafton, Franklin County, Massachusetts and died May 19, 1807 in Pittsford, Rutland County, Vermont. His wife was Elizabeth Montague who was born October 4, 1744 in Sunderland, Franklin County, Massachusetts and died May 14, 1824 in Pittsford, Rutland County, Vermont. Elizabeth married Eleazer Harwood on May 28, 1761 in Sunderland, Franklin County, Massachusetts.
Chauncy Harwood’s mother was Ruth Hall who is reported to have been born February 28, 1768 in Wallingsford, New Haven County, Connecticut. She is reported to have died October 8, 1838 in Dowagic, Michigan.
On May 2, 1820, Chauncy married Lovicy Bogue another Rutland County, Vermont native at Chittenden, Rutland County, Vermont. Lovicy Bogue was born May 12, 1799 in Chittenden, Rutlund County, Vermont. She died May 9, 1858 in the Village of Holley, Town of Murray, Orleans County, New York. She too is buried at the Hillside Cemetery, Clarendon, Orleans County, New York.
Lovicy’s father was Jeffrey Amherst Bogue who was born August 21, 1759 in Farmington, Hartford County, Connecticut and fought in the American Revolution between April 25, 1777 and January 1, 1778 in Kimball's Company (See Connecticut Revolutionary Soldiers., page 232). A Jeffrey Bogue is shown on page 37 of the 1790 Vermont Census for Rutland County as living there. Jeffrey Amherst Bogue died in Pittsford, Rutland County, Vermont on August 30, 1828. This census also shows Samuel and Oliver Bogue and their families living in Rutland County, Vermont in 1790.
Jeffrey Bogue married Freedom Brainard on June 4, 1788 at Pittsford, Rutland County Vermont. She is reported to have been born on March 21, 1775 and to have died on August 31, 1850.
As a young man, Chauncy Harwood went to New York from Vermont and located on the present site of Rochester, New York, traveling the entire distance on foot from Chittenden, Vermont through dense forests. Orleans County is located at nearly the northwest corner of the State of New York and boarders on Lake Ontario. It is now part of the Rochester, New York Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Upon his arrival at the area of Rochester, Chauncy bought a tract of 100 acres of land on which he built a woolen mill, just below the fall on the Genessee River. I infer that he may have known about the business of milling from work along those same lines in Rutland County, Vermont. While operating that mill his health failed and he removed to the area of the Village of Holley in Orleans County, New York, where he purchased property and erected another woolen mill, which was liberally patronized by the early settlers. He was a staunch supporter of the Whig party and a Deacon in the Presbyterian Church.
In the September 1850 United States Census of the Town of Murray, County of Orleans the family of Chauncy Harwood was living in dwelling number 220. Chauncy Harwood is identified as a farmer with real property valued at $5,400. At this time western New York was apparently an extremely important farming area and shipped wheat and fruit products to the Midwest which was still not sustaining itself through its own farming operations.
Living with Chauncy in September 1850 were his wife (shown as Lovejoy) and the following children: Corinthia age twenty-nine (29), Daniel B. age eighteen (18), identified as a farmer, Highland (sic Hiland) age nineteen (19) shown as a farmer, Thomas age eleven (11) and [Freedom] Augusta age nine (9). It appears that the next dwelling house was occupied by Chauncy's brother Lemuel (probably Samuel) and his family.  I presume that Samuel was a descendant of Eleazar Harwood of Rutland County, Vermont mentioned above.
Chauncy and Lovicy had ten children between 1821 and 1840. Beginning with their son Thomas Fitch Harwood in about 1858, four of their ten children (Thomas Fitch, Dwight, Daniel and Freedom Augusta) relocated to Bloomington, Illinois where they became prominent citizens.
About the time of Lovicy’s death her son Thomas Fitch Harwood arrived in Bloomington, McLean County, Illinois which is located in the central part of Illinois about 120 miles southwest of Chicago. At the time Bloomington, Illinois was a prosperous relatively new community and situated on five different railroad lines which gave it many advantages. In 1857, Illinois State Normal University had been opened in the adjacent town of Normal, Illinois and the two communities also offered excellent educational opportunities.
I am not sure what attracted Thomas Fitch Harwood to Bloomington. I note that two of Lovicy’s other sons, Simon and Jeffrey Amherst, were identified in both New York and U.S censuses as being involved in the produce business in Holley, New York. If they were in a wholesale produce business then it may be that grocers in Central Illinois were buying produce such as wheat and fruit from produce houses in Orleans County and that Thomas Fitch Harwood became aware of Bloomington through such a business connection. However, he may have known someone else who had previously come to this community or have simply followed the railroad line here.
In any event, Thomas Fitch Harwood is reported to have left Holley, New York at the age of twenty [i.e., about 1858, the time of his mother’s death] and he came to Bloomington where he established himself in the hardware business on Center Street. I note that the 1855 New York State Census does report Thomas Fitch Harwood as a resident of Murray, Orleans County, New York. His hardware business in Bloomington was located very close to the grocery business of Parke & Hoopes.
Benjamin Hoopes was one of the principals of that grocery business and Benjamin Hoopes later married Freedom Augusta Harwood, Thomas’ younger sister, at the Village of Holley, Town of Murray, Orleans County, New York on October 12, 1862. I assume that Benjamin Hoopes came to know Freedom Augusta through one or more of her brothers because his own roots were in West Chester, Chester County, Pennsylvania and he would have no other apparent way of knowing his future wife.
It is clear that Thomas Fitch Harwood did not totally cut his ties with Orleans County because in 1862 he married Miss Marrietta Keys a native of the Village of Holley, Town of Murray, Orleans County, N.Y. She was a daughter of H. N. Keys of Holley. Four children were born of this union.

Thomas Fitch Harwood was a Republican and served for one term as an Alderman of the First Ward in Bloomington, Illinois. He was a stock-holder and Vice President of the Citizens Light Company of Bloomington for many years and was interested in the Third National Bank. In 1870, Thomas Fitch Harwood sold out his hardware business to his brothers Dwight and Daniel and embarked in the lumber trade under the firm name of T. F. Harwood & Co.  This was later changed to T. F. Harwood & Sons when his son Willis S. Harwood (b. November 3, 1862) joined him in that business. Mr. Harwood was connected with this lumber business until his death, which occurred in December 17, 1891 at Bloomington, Illinois.
Freedom Augusta Harwood was the youngest of the ten children of Chauncy and Lovicy. She was born October 25, 1840 in Rochester, Orleans County, New York. She died February 25, 1905 in Bloomington, Illinois and is burried at Evergreen Cemetery in Bloomington.
As reported above, Freedom's mother Lovicy died in 1858 when Freedom was only seventeen years old. Her father Chauncy then died on May 8, 1860 (before the 1860 United States Census was taken). After the death of her parents Freedom was apparently living with a brother, Jeffrey Amherst Harwood and Rowena, Jeffrey's wife. The 1860 United States Census for Murray, Orleans County, New York shows F. Augusta Harwood living in dwelling number 532 with Jeffrey Harwood age thirty-five (35) and Rowena Harwood age twenty-three (23).
Jeffrey Amherst Harwood was an older brother of Freedom Augusta and in the 1860 United States Census he is reported to be a produce dealer with real property valued at $2,000 and personal property valued at $500. That census reports that all of the Harwoods were born in New York. Jeffrey Amherst Harwood died on March 10, 1890 at Plainfield, Michigan but he too is buried at the Hillside Cemetery, Clarendon, Orleans County, New York.
In about 1861 Freedom Augusta's older brother Daniel Harwood also came to Bloomington, Illinois from Holley, New York. He undoubtedly had heard good things about business prospects in this area from his brother Thomas Fitch. Daniel married a woman named Frances Powers in Bloomington, Illinois on September 18, 1861. This too provided a link to Bloomington for Freedom Augusta.  At some point Freedom Augusta's brother Dwight Harwood came to Bloomington because by 1870 Dwight was the President of the Bloomington Stove Works and together with Daniel Harwood bought out the hardware business of Thomas Fitch Harwood that same year.
The 1870 United States Census shows that Benjamin Hoopes was living in dwelling number 475 in the City of Bloomington, McLean County, Illinois. He was a grocer. He had real property reportedly valued at $15,000 and personal property valued at $10,000. Living with him at that residence were [Freedom] Augusta, age twenty-nine (29) who was Keeping House, their son Albert H., age six (6), Martha J. Hoopes who was Ben’s mother and who was age sixty-eight (68) and shown as having no occupation, a younger sister of Benjamin Hoopes, Rebecca Galliner, age forty (40) shown as a Librarian, Ellen Sinner, age twenty-two (22) shown as a domestic servant, Bessie Carwell, age eleven (11) shown as At School and Edwin Donnan, aged sixteen (16) shown as a Hostler. I know nothing about these last two individuals.
I refrain here from following the Harwood line farther at this time. 

Mark T. Dunn
Dunn, Willard, Arkell & Bugg
1001 North Main Street
Bloomington, IL 61702-3488
(309) - 828-6241
Fax (309) - 828-8321